International statistics

The number (and proportion) of people living with HIV varies considerably from region to region and even from country to country within a region.

The impact of HIV on individuals, the rate at which it is transmitted between people and the extent to which it is effectively treated is the result of a large number of factors. Some of these factors are clinical, others are cultural, social, economic and legal.

Our work is focussed on the UK, but we keep ourselves informed of what's going on elsewhere in the world and share our expertise particularly with countries which have similar cultural, social and legal settings. We therefore get involved quite heavily at a European level.

Below are some summary international statistics from 2013 - the most recent data available. Detailed figures are available from UNAIDS.

Last Updated: December 2013

Worldwide in 2012

  • 35 million people living with HIV.
  • Antiretroviral converage among pregnant women living with HIV reached 62% in 2012.
  • 9.7 million people in low and middle- income conutries received antiretroviral therapy, representing 61% of all who were eligible under the 2010 World Health Organization (WHO) HIV treatment guidelines.

New HIV diagnoses

  • 2.3 million new HIV infections worldwide
  • New HIV infections have fallen by 33% since 2001
  • New HIV infections among adults and adolescents decreased by 50% or more in 26 countries between 2001 and 2012
  • The number of new infections amongst children worldwide was 34% lower than in 2009.

AIDS-related deaths

  • 1.6 million AIDS-related deaths in 2012 (down from 2.3 million in 2005).
  • 1.1 million people who developed TB were living with HIV in 2012. TB remains the leading cause of death amongst people living with HIV globally.  Since 2004, TB related deaths amongst people living with HIV has declined by 36% worldwide.

Statistics by region - 2012

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • 25 million people living with HIV
  • 1.6 million new HIV infections
  • 230,000 new diagnoses amongst children
  • 1.2 million AIDS-related deaths

South and South- East Asia 

  • 3.9 million people living with HIV
  • 22, 000 new HIV infections
  • 21,000 new diagnoses amongst children
  • 220,000 AIDS-related deaths

East Asia

  • 880,000 people living with HIV
  • 81,000  new HIV infections
  • 21,000 new HIV diagnoses amongst children
  • 220,000 AIDS-related deaths
Oceania
  • 51, 000 people living with HIV
  • 2,100 new HIV infections
  • Less than 500 children newly diagnosed with HIV
  • 1,200 AIDS-related deaths
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  • 1.3 million people living with HIV
  • 130,000 new HIV infections
  • Less than 1000 children newly diagnosed with HIV
  • 91,000 AIDS-related deaths

Western and Central Europe

  • 860,000 people living with HIV
  • 29,000 new HIV infections
  • Less than 200 children newly diagnosed with HIV
  • 7, 900 AIDS-related deaths

 North America

  • 1.3 million people living with HIV
  • 48,000 new HIV infections
  • Less than 200 children newly diagnosed with HIV
  • 20,000 AIDS-related deaths

Latin America

  • 1.5 million people living with HIV
  • 86,000 new HIV infections
  • 2100 new HIV infections amongst children
  • 52,000 AIDS-related deaths

 Caribbean

  • 25,000 people living with HIV
  • 12,000 new HIV infections
  • Less than 500 children newly diagnosed with HIV
  • 11,000 AIDS-related deaths

Middle East and North Africa

  • 260,000 people living with HIV
  • 32,000 new HIV infections
  • 3,000 new diagnoses amongst children
  • 17,000 AIDS-related deaths

Source: 2013 UNAIDS Global Report

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