People living with HIV in the UK

In 2012, an estimated 98,400 people were living with HIV in the UK. Of these, 22% were unaware of their HIV infection.


The overall prevalence in the UK was estimated at 1.5 per 1000 across all ages. There is a gender variant, with male prevalence across all ages being 2.1 per 1000 for men and 1.0 per 1000 for women; both figures being an increase on the prevalence in 2011.

How many people have been diagnosed and are receiving HIV specialist care?

In 2012, a total of 77,610 people, including 770 children, received HIV specialist care.

How has this been changing over time?

Over the last decade, the number of people accessing specialist care for HIV has steadily grown. In 2012, 77,610 people in the UK was accessing the specialist care, this is more than double the number in 2003 (35,970) and a 5% increase from 2011.

 

What about people of different genders?

About two thirds of people receiving HIV specialist care were male.

Gender

% of total receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

Men

67%

Women

33%

 

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

These percentages are based on the figures given in the PHE 2013 report, where 52,060 men and 25,550 women accessed care. While the ratio of men to women accessing HIV care has remained the same, the numbers of men and women have increased on the previous year, in 2011 49,083 men and 24,576 women had accessed care.

What about people in different probable exposure categories?

The statistics reveal more people living with HIV were infected through heterosexual sex than any other exposure route, though sex between men is a close second. 

Probable exposure category

% of total receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

 

 

Heterosexual contact

48%

Sex between men

43%

Injecting drug use

2%

Mother-to-child transmission

2%

Blood/blood products recipient

1%

Other/Unknown

3%

 

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

Of those receiving HIV care in 2012 36,355 were exposed through sex between a man and a woman, 31,825 were exposed through sex between men, 1,636 were exposed from injecting drug use, 1,488 were exposed from mother-to-child transmission and 533 were exposed from blood/receiving blood products.  

What about people of different ethnicities?

Over half of people receiving HIV specialist care in the UK were white, and over a third were black African.

Ethnicity

% of total receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

White

52%

Black African

34%

Other/mixed

4%

Black Caribbean 3%
Black other/ Black-unspecified 2%
Indian/ Pakistani/ Bangladeshi

2%

Other Asian/ Oriental 2%
Not Known 1%

 

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

NAT recommends that people from African communities should have a HIV test once a year. See our thinking here.

What about people of different ages?

More than half of people accessing HIV care in the UK are aged between 35 and 49.

A combination of ongoing transmission and increased survival has led to a large increase in the numbesr of people over 50 who are accessing HIV care.  In 2012, 1 in 4 adults accessing care was aged over 50, compared to 1 in 8 in 2003.

Age

% of total receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

Under 15

1%

15-24

3%

25-34

18%

35-49

53%

50 and over

25%

 

 

Total

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

 

What about people in the different nations of the UK?

The vast majority of people receiving HIV care in the UK in 2012 were living in England.

Nation

% of total people receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

England

92%

Scotland

5%

Wales

2%

Northern Ireland

1%

Other/Unknown

1%

UK

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%


What about people in the different regions within England?

42% of people living with HIV in the UK in 2012 were living in London.  This is the same proportion as 2011.

Region

% of total people receiving HIV specialist care in the UK

London

42%

South of England

15%

Midlands and East of England

18%

North of England

16%

 

 

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%