HIV diagnoses

In 2012, 6360 people were newly diagnosed, which is a slight increase from the 6220 newly diagnosed in 2011.

How has this been changing over time?

Significant numbers of people are being diagnosed with HIV each year, although these figures are levelling off.

While trends show a decline in new diagnosis since 2005 (when 7930 people were diagnosed), this is largely due to a decrease in the number of diagnoses reported among heterosexuals born in countries with high HIV prevalence.

 

 

What about people of different genders?

In 2012, 4,560 and 1,800 women were newly diagnosed with HIV. There is an estimated diagnoses rate of 1.5 per 10,000 men and 0.57 per 10,00 women.

Gender 

 % of total newly diagnosed with HIV in the UK during 2012

Male 

 72%

Female 

 28%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

What about people in different probable exposure categories?

The largest proportion of new diagnoses in 2012 were due to sex between men, followed by heterosexual sex.

Probable exposure category

% of total newly diagnosed with HIV in the UK during 2011

Sex between men

47%

Heterosexual men

41%

Injecting drug use

2%

Mother to infant 1%

Blood/tissue products (outside UK)

0.3%

Not reported 10%

 

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%


What about people of different ethnicities?

 The percentage of new HIV diagnoses by ethnicity is given below.

Ethnicity

% of those newly diagnosed with HIV in the UK during 2011

White

50%

Black African

24%

Asian 5%

Black Caribbean

2%

Black Other 2%

Other/Mixed

4%

Unknown

12%

 

100%

*Please note that all percentages are rounded so some may not add up to 100%

The figures above represent new diagnosis across different ethnicities present in the UK. Since 2011, there has been a general decline in new diagnosis across all ethnicities, most notably a decline from 53% to 50% amongst white populations and 28% to 24% across black-African populations. 

NAT recommends people from African communities should have a HIV test once a year. See our thinking here.

How does the breakdown by probable exposure category and ethnicity vary by gender?

Men

In 2012, most newly infected men contracted HIV through sex with men, and this was followed by heterosexual sex. Sex is the most significant route of transmission for men in the UK.

Women

Almost two thirds of newly infected women contracted HIV through heterosexual sex. More than half of the new HIV diagnoses across women were of a BME origin.

 

Number-of-New-HIV-infections-through-heterosexual-sex-in-the-UK


What about people of different ages?

There are a growing number of people being diagnosed with HIV later in life. The median age of diagnosis for MSM was 34 years, with one in nine being diagnosed over the age of 50. The median age of diagnosis was slightly older for both heterosexual men and women, with 42 being the average age among men and 39 among women.

What about people in the different nations of the UK?


The majority of newly diagnosed cases of HIV occurred in England in 2012. However, despite the trend of falling new diagnosis rates across the UK, there was an increase in Northern Ireland: 81 new cases in 2011 and 95 in 2012

What about people in the different regions within England?

London continues to have the highest numbers of new diagnosis across the UK in 2012. Excluding London, new HIV diagnosis rates are considerably lower across the North of England compared to the South.